What is a migraine headache?
A migraine headache is a form of vascular headache. Migraine headache is caused by vasodilatation (enlargement of blood vessels) that causes the release of chemicals from nerve fibers that coil around the large arteries of the brain. Enlargement of these blood vessels stretches the nerves that coil around them and causes the nerves to release chemicals. The chemicals cause inflammation, pain, and further enlargement of the artery. The increasing enlargement of the arteries magnifies the pain.
Causes of Migraine:
The exact cause often remains unknown. It has been proved that migraine is a vascular disorder. Due to some triggering factors, varying from person to person, there is some kind of vasoconstriction and vasodilatation of the branches of the carotid artery ( the major neck blood vessel) which leads to typical throbbing and congestive attack of headache. While the exact causation in unknown, it has been observed in practice that migraine is often psychosomatic in origin. There are migraine personality and we have observed in a study of a series of migraine patients at our center, that, there is also a common thread in the migraine personality type. Many independent studies at various institutes have also shown that most migraine sufferers show one or many of the following behavioral patter : conscientiousness, fastidiousness, rigidity of views, constant conflict between the environment and self, high level of expectation. Migraine sufferers are more females than males. However, we are observing a shift. Often observed to be running in the family, showing hereditary links.
What are the symptoms of migraine headaches?
Migraine is a chronic condition with recurrent attacks. Most (but not all) migraine attacks are associated with headaches.
- Migraine headaches usually are described as an intense, throbbing or pounding pain that involves one temple. (Sometimes the pain is located in the forehead, around the eye, or at the back of the head).
- The pain usually is unilateral (on one side of the head), although about a third of the time the pain is bilateral (on both sides of the head).
- The unilateral headaches typically change sides from one attack to the next. (In fact, unilateral headaches that always occur on the same side should alert the doctor to consider a secondary headache, for example, one caused by a brain tumor).
- A migraine headache usually is aggravated by daily activities such as walking upstairs.
- Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, facial pallor,cold hands, cold feet, and sensitivity to light and sound commonly accompany migraine headaches. As a result of this sensitivity to light and sound, migraine sufferers usually prefer to lie in a quiet, dark room during an attack. A typical attack lasts between 4 and 72 hours.
An estimated 40%-60% of migraine attacks are preceded by premonitory (warning) symptoms lasting hours to days. The symptoms may include:
- depression or euphoria,
- yawning, and
- cravings for sweet or salty foods.
Patients and their family members usually know that when they observe these warning symptoms that a migraine attack is beginning.
Homeopathy offers an excellent treatment for Migraine. The homeopathic approach to the treatment of migraine patients is more individualistic. This means, homeopathy believes that migraine is a personality disorder and hence the treatment should be determined only on the basis of in-depth study of the patients’ personality. This approach helps treating most cases of migraine successfully. Homeopathy treatment is essentially safe and absolutely harmless, which may be taken along with any other medicine, if required.